Fedor von Bock
Fedor von Bock, German field marshal, born 3 of December 1880 year in Kostrzyn. A military career helped him get hold of the fact, that he was the son of a famous general, Moritza von Bocka. He started his adventure with the army early – having just 19 years, already as a graduate of cadet schools, earned the rank of second lieutenant. Together with the promotion, he was given command of 5. a regiment of foot guards. W 1912 he became a captain in the General Staff.
Despite von Bock's incredible strategic abilities, at the beginning of World War I, he was left in the staff of the guard corps, without giving him any opportunity to demonstrate his skills at the front. Soon he was promoted to the rank of major. W 1916 von Bock finally received the coveted position of the commander of the line detachment, taking command of the battalion 4. Prussian Foot Guard Regiment. Later he was the 1st officer of the General Staff in 200. Infantry Division. In the final phase of the war, he was an operational officer in the headquarters of the Army Group “German Crown Prince”.
Fedor von Bock showed great heroism during the fights, boldly fighting under the Somme, or near Cambrai. He was decorated with the order of Pour le Merite for his attitude.
After the defeat of Germany in the First World War, Bock did not leave the army, but continued his career. W 1924 took command of the battalion, two years later over the regiment, w 1929 years he commanded a division, a w 1931 year, already as a colonel, became the commander of the Military District in Szczecin. Four years later, he began to command 3. Army Group in Dresden. W 1938 he was appointed to the rank of colonel general. Still in the same year, in command 8. Army, it covered by armed annexation of Austria and the annexation of the Sudetes to the Reich.
W 1939 year, 3. The Army Group was renamed GA “Midnight”, increasing its population to 630 thousand soldiers. At the head of this new branch, von Bock took part in the September campaign, having under your command 8., 10. i 12. German armies. After winning the war with Poland, he was transferred to the west, from where in may 1940 traveled to the Netherlands and Belgium as part of Operation Fall Gelb. After the occupation of these countries, von Bock's troops were moved south, where, achieving brilliant victories, plunged deep into France, reaching the border with Spain. For your campaign achievements 1940 year, von Bock was promoted to the rank of field marshal.
The most important achievement in Fedor von Bock's career was his participation in the operation “Barbarossa”, started in June 1941 year. Then it, commanding an Army Group “Center”, just two months after crossing the German-Soviet demarcation line, it stood 200 km west of Moscow, winning a series of great victories on his way, such as the capture of Minsk, or the battles of Smolensk, Homel and Rosław.
However, von Bocka waited first near Moscow and- how severe – defeat. His troops were pushed west of the Soviet capital, when they came from a distance 27 kilometers from the city. Despite this, that on the way to Moscow von Bock achieved a spectacular victory in a double battle at Wiaźma and Bryansk, (considered the most perfect encircling battle in the history of the world – Bock managed to destroy 81 Soviet divisions), Hitler, furious with the Moscow defeat, he dismissed him from the post of GA commander “Center”.
Fedor von Bock returned to the front as commander of the Army Group in January 1942 year, taking command of the GA “South”. Staying in this position for six months, managed to stop the great Soviet counteroffensive, with a great victory at Kharkov, where losing just 20000 soldiers, he took prisoner 240000 prisoners and captured 1200 tanks and 2000 section.
The last task entrusted to Bock in World War II was to launch an offensive towards Stalingrad and the Caucasus. The operation was unsuccessful, for which the disappointed Hitler once again deprived von Bock of the function of the commander of the Army Group. Having lost his position, Fedor von Bock withdrew from military and political life.
He died 4 May 1945 as a result of injuries the day before, when an allied plane fired upon his car, which he and his family traveled towards Hamburg. He had 64 patch.