Wilhelm List

Wilhelm List

Wilhelm List, the son of a doctor was born 14 May 1880 year. Despite this, that the family had no military traditions, young Wilhelm decided to join the German army at the age of eighteen. There he was assigned to the staff, where he worked for the next twenty years. So he did not take part in the front-line battles of the First World War. After Germany's surrender, disagreeing with the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, he secretly joined one of the nationalist militias known as the Freikorps. In order not to arouse suspicions, however, he remained in the Reichswehr, where he worked as a tank specialist. He quickly climbed the ladder of his military career and soon became head of the Army Organization Department. Pretty soon, because already at the age of fifty (1930 year) he was promoted to the desired general rank. Along with his rank, he was appointed commander of the Dresden infantry school.

General List did not show much sympathy for Hitler and the National Socialists and did not support the views of the future Fuehrer. He was exposed to him in 1931 year, when he disciplinarily punished the young officers, who joined the NSDAP. However, after Hitler came to power, List, being aware, that possible resistance could destroy his entire military career, he did not oppose the leader's policy.

The obedience of the List to Hitler benefited the general. W 1935 Wilhelm List was elected commander of the 4th Army Corps by General Fedor von Bock. Hoping to take up some higher function, did not oppose Hitler's dismissal of Generals Werner von Blomberg and Werner von Fritsch. After the annexation of Austria (which is also the job, for fear of the Fuehrer's wrath, he supported) he was sent to Vienna, where he took command of the Army Group stationed there; a year later he himself took part in the invasion of Czechoslovakia.

W 1939 In the year, General List took command of the group formed to fight with Poland 14. Army. He fought at its head during the September campaign. The task set for his grouping was to eliminate the points of Polish resistance in Silesia and the capture of Lesser Poland, thus covering the main attack on Warsaw from the south.. General List did an excellent job, without any problems following the instructions given to him. It is worth mentioning a fact here, that during his stay in Poland, William List showed remarkable cruelty, unscrupulous in allowing SS troops to mass murder Poles and Jews.

During the German offensive against France in the spring 1940 year General List commanded the German 12. Army. Here, too, he showed great leadership skills, as it penetrated deep into French territory at an extremely fast pace (he entered Meuse only one day after the armored forces of General Ewald von Kleist). Hitler was greatly pleased with his general; for his achievements at Fall Gelb, The letter was promoted by the Fuehrer to the rank of field marshal.

After the Wehrmacht captured France, Field Marshal Letter began to develop plans for the invasion of Greece and Yugoslavia. He stayed in the Balkans until July 1942 year, when he was entrusted with command of the newly separated Army Group “A”. Its task was to control the oil-rich Caucasus. However, he failed to fulfill the order, for his armies were in a hopeless situation. Enraged by these failures, Hitler unjustly blamed his field marshal for his defeat. Next, 9 September 1942 List retired this year, who spent the rest of the war at his home in Garmish-Partenkirchen.

The letter was captured by the Allied forces in 1945 year, after that, how the Americans entered Garmish-Partenkirchen. Accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity, he was tried before the Nuremberg tribunal. In February 1948 year he was sentenced to life imprisonment. However, already in December 1952 the punishment was lightened and William List was released because of an illness plaguing him. He died 17 brand 1971 year, having survived 91 years.

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