The fall of tsarism and its consequences

The fall of tsarism and its consequences

A historic moment when Warsaw activists enjoyed the new Polish-Prussian alliance, and the passivists eagerly read Wilson's message about "united and independent" was extremely dangerous for peoples thirsting for freedom. German agents in Russia focusing on the Tsarina once again brought the office of the Germanophile Protopopov to the fore, to whom Wilhelm wanted to pay for his withdrawal from the coalition by crossing out the Polish case. A year could happen again 1762, no wonder then, that even in January 1917 r. France gave Russia freedom to regulate its western border. Only when Romanov was no longer on the throne, the Allies' hands and mouths came loose. It is not the most important thing, what role did the English envoy Buchanan play in overthrowing tsarism; whether the same Buchanan acted for Poland according to Balfour's instructions, and this one according to Dmowski's suggestion, nor whether the Provisional Government intentionally avoided choking out the word "Polish independence", leaving it to the Workers 'and Soldiers' Council, or the Council was so tuned by the Polish radical Więckowski – ground in it, that 30 brand [1917 r.] Provisional Government, against the opinion of his Minister of Foreign Affairs Miliukow, with a solemn manifesto, he granted Poles "the absolute right to decide about their fate", he promised to help them [w] the creation of an independent Poland from all lands inhabited mostly by the Polish population. Only reserved, that this Poland will be united with Russia by a "free military union", and its eastern borders will be established by the Russian constitution. At the head of the Polish Liquidation Committee, which to arrange [she had] matters related to Poland's independence were brought to Aleksander Lednicki, member of the Russian cadet party. Dmowski was not satisfied with these good intentions for a democratic Russia. He was trying to convince Balfour, that decaying Russia can no longer be counted on – it should be replaced by strong Poland. The three Western European powers, in returning with satisfaction to the notification of the March manifesto, silently passed over this military union. Of course not Poland occupied by [superpowers] the central one could immediately replace Russia with the Allies, neither does the United States, which 6 April [1917 r.] declared war on Germany, but which developed their land power only after a year. The last Russian offensive (Kerensky in the summer 1917 r.) it only accelerated the decay of the former imperial army; French offensive of gen. Nivelle also broke down on Chemin-des-Dames. So the Poles were still facing difficult times and she had something to work on, both at home and abroad, fighter of reunification – National League.

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