Supreme National Committee

Supreme National Committee

This Committee was formed 16 of August [1914 r.] in Krakow by virtue of a resolution of the Sejm Circle, and consisted of 40 people, representing almost all party shades of Galicia. At first, Leo was the president. After him, for four years, prof. Władysław Leopold Jaworski, Political pupil of Bobrzyński, neo-conservative, i.e.. advocate of conservative methods in tactics rather than rules; Konstanty Srokowski, secretary, democratic journalist from "Nowa Reforma". Departments were established at the Committee: military, fiscal, press release, social welfare etc.. The body was divided into the Western and Eastern Section, each of which was to form and maintain one legion. The Stańczyk group led in the West, supported by "adjectival" democrats and socialists, in the East, national democrats and Podolish people prevailed. To understand the interaction of such divergent factors, should be heeded, that under martial law all-Poles could not act openly according to Dmowski's instructions on the downfall of Austria, and while it was possible, they followed the lead tactic St.[anisław] Głąbiński, which, moreover, had brought from Vienna information contrary to Leo's calculations. Going with the flow for now, they demanded a pledge from the left with the support of conservatives, that NKN will not impose its policies or social experiments on the Kingdom. No engagements were obtained from Vienna. At the joint council of Austro-Hungarian ministers 22 August Biliński demanded that the emperor issue an appeal to Poles about the merger of Galicia with Congress Poland under a joint government and the Seym in Warsaw, but this was opposed by the Austrian prime minister Sturgkh and the Hungarian prime minister Tisza, who warned against messing with Russia once and for all, and in soul he did not want to diminish the importance of Hungarians in the monarchy. They both, consciously or unconsciously, followed Berlin's suggestions. Young enthusiasts did not guess these secrets, who joined the legions from Galicia and Silesia (relatively the least of the Congress Poland). They were not penetrated by society, which made generous donations to the legions. Some believed in Piłsudski's star, second, elderly, into the consummate minds of the Vienna regulars.

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