The Ukrainian case at the conference and in the field

The Ukrainian case at the conference and in the field

The fate of Vilnius and Lviv depended not only on the relationship between the fighting forces and not only on the intentions of the Western powers, but also from the conscious will of Polish politicians. Pitsudski, under the influence of his entourage, quickly withdrew his consent to the "Dmowski map" and returned to his old dreams of a union of free and free various eastern nations under the supremacy of Poland. He wanted to break up Russia, build Belarus and Ukraine, to protect the Baltic states – and in this embrace, integrate Lithuania into a common state. Paderewski also at times declared himself a federalist. Knowing about this, the Piłsudians from Lauriston in the Committee conducted a campaign for the eastern borders in February: they imagined "huge strategic Poland", which would reach beyond the Dnieper, for the Dvina and defended Europe, as they say today, against the Bolsheviks. Dmowski was convincingly in charge, that in these areas there is no one to base a federation on. It stood on it, that Poland, also in the east, is to be a nation state, but capable of internal growth; Ethnographic Lithuania was granted separateness and independence. Dłuski and Wasilewski more 20 brand [1919 r.] they insisted on not swearing outside of Lviv, Borysław and Kałusz, counting, that they would arrange the rest with the Ukrainians. Polish delegates were bound by solidarity towards the conference, but the protectors of the Ukrainians could not have known about this discrepancy.

Meanwhile, the Haller regiments, not admitted to Gdańsk by Lloyd George, traveled through Germany to Poland. This was after the Bela Kun revolution in Hungary had been liquidated, a to, what the Hungarians experienced was, in the mouths of Dmowski, quite an argument for a strong Poland. Haller Jews were used to drive Ukrainians out of the oil basin near Borysław, which the English especially counted on. There was a dramatic clash between the English delegate Botha (once leader of the Boers) and Dmowski. After all arguments have been exhausted, when Bur did not answer the question, will the allies get engaged, that this circuit would not be occupied by the Bolsheviks, the conference was interrupted, and the Polish delegate risked losing Anglo-Saxon support before the peace signing itself. Things didn't get that far. The Hallerans were withdrawn from the front, but other branches, some under gen. Żeligowski and from Odessa were on time, to defend Stanisławów deprived of Ukrainians. Only the Romanian army helped Poland in these fights, which occupied Pokucie, defending entry to the Bolsheviks, and having thus shielded their Bessarabia, they withdrew properly. The latest attack by the Ukrainians on Lviv finally prompted the coalition to grant it to Poland (25 WE) provisionally all of Galicia, 18 and in July, General Iwaszkiewicz, with the consent of the great powers, he cleansed the country with a blue army.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *