Psychological portraits of women. Present on selected examples.
Women have played an important role in life and in literature for a long time. They are the mothers, wives, daughters. They are the object of sighs, desire, love gusts. They can be heroic, fatal-famme, unfulfilled. Their position in society, politics, and in family life it has changed over time, it was getting stronger and stronger. Women are appreciated. The world sees, that there is no way to replace them, you can't survive without them. He sees their sacrifice, the weight they must bear on their shoulders. Marriage, raising children, home maintenance, job, lighting a home. Numerous authors of literary works try to capture their various roles and attitudes. They represent their way of thinking, love, daily, discover their interesting interior.
This is best portrayed in psychological novels. According to the online encyclopedia I know, a psychological novel is a type of novel that was created in the 20th century., the main distinguishing feature of which is psychologism assuming the presentation of personality, the inner life of the hero. She focuses attention on his experiences, sensations, the way of feeling the world and analyzing its life decisions and choices.
In Polish literature, psychological portraits of women are most interestingly shown in such works as “Doll” Bolesław Prus, where the history of Izabela Łęcka in Pamiętniki has been presented in depth, “Peasants” Władysław Stanisław Reymont presenting the turbulent life of young Jagna, and also in the novel “A foreigner” Maria Kuncewiczowa, which very penetratingly describes the interior of the eponymous eternal foreigner-Rose.
Izabela Łęcka comes from an impoverished aristocratic family. Bolesław Prus presented the figure of Izabela Łęcka as “an extraordinarily beautiful woman. Everything about it was original and perfect. Growth more than average, very shapely figure, lush blonde hair with an ashy tinge, straight nose, mouth a little tilted back, pearl teeth, model hands and feet. Her eyes made a special impression, sometimes dark and dreamy, sometimes full of sparks of merriment, sometimes light blue and ice cold”
However, other heroes “Dolls” they talk about her: “Miss Łęcka is beautiful, because beautiful, but after all, she is only a woman and for her Stach would not have committed so much madness” (Rzecki), “like hundreds and thousands of others! Beauty, spoiled, but without a soul. For her, Wokulski is worth so much, as long as he has money and much: he is good for a husband, naturally, for lack of a better one. But for lovers, she chooses such, who are more suited to it.” (Suman).
She knew about her attractiveness. She diligently used it to seduce men, treating them objectively. She was used to living in salons, raised in luxury, coquetry. Therefore, she was full of conviction, that others exist only to serve and entertain her. She was a materialist and selfish. The most important thing in her life was this, to always look beautiful, dress in expensive dresses, like the title doll. He does not see the poor and the hardships of life. As she says herself, “the world was (…) enchanted gardenr”, no worries, diseases, problems, where only the social elite lives, beyond it, only service, who is to minister to her. She didn't understand it, how her father gets money. She chose between candidates for a husband, looking for the perfect and dream one, like Apollo himself. She couldn't make the final decision to settle down, making men fall in love with each other. The best example of this was its greatest admirer, Stanisław Wokulski, which gave her a passionate feeling. Isabella, she decided to marry him, because of his fortune. However, she treated him flawlessly and with interest, she was making fun of him. She did not see the enormity of Stanisław's love. During her engagement, she caused her marriage to be canceled, flirting with Kazimierz Starski. Thus, it caused great pain to Wokulski.
I think, that Izabela Łęcka became a victim of salon life. Unknowingly hurting people, she struggled between reality, and dreams. Between love, a flirtem. Full of naivety to the world, she was expecting a man of dreams, like the Greek god Apollo, she did not see the great and devoted love of Wokulski. Simultaneously, without knowing it herself, she lost her life, staying in your enchanted world, a garden full of unfulfilled and naive dreams.