December tragedy

December tragedy

The opening of the chambers was preceded by feverish negotiations over the division of the leadership in parliament and in the country. Nationalists, although the strongest considered it their duty to sacrifice the interests of their wealthier voters – earthlings, correct the defective law with the peasants 1920 r. on land reform, ensure its viability and develop a joint political agenda, that Polish elements of unanimous convictions take responsibility for the state, and foreign elements did not settle disputes between Poles. Witos was not deaf to such pronunciation, but he felt well the instability of his position: it was undermined by the ambitious and determined demagogue Jan Dąbski, Maciej Rataj, a student of Liberation, was distracted from the right; disrupted by the intellectuals sent from Belweder, and the club had little expertise. The common past with the socialists and the fresh pre-election pact with the left were embarrassing. The president of the tactics pretended to be inclined to a compromise and gained Rataj right-wing votes when he was elected marshal, then the Piast cards supported Trąmpczyński in the Senate. The decisive factor was the election of the President of the Republic of Poland. Piłsudski, when the peasants 'and workers' clubs offered him this honor, he refused to stand by raising, that he even increased him, but indirect influence over the government is not enough. The right wing made an effort, to maintain a common front with Witos. In vain. National Assembly [9 of December 1922 r.] five votes were held. The right-wing candidate, Maurycy Zamoyski, had at first a relative majority, but when prof. Baudouin de Courtenay and Wojciechowski (recommended by Piłsudski) the votive offerings of the left concentrated, center and minorities in the person of Gabriel Narutowicz, put forward by Liberation and by Freemasonry.

The right wing was overwhelmed with anger and regret: the most important thing was decided by foreign elements and it was supposed to be so. The swearing-in of the new president in the Seym was boycotted. The youth, instigated by the nationalists, tried to prevent Narutowicz and some socialists from engaging in this act. Management (Głąbiński) tried to ease the mood, talked to the president, but it was too late. 16 of December [1922 r.] at the opening of the exhibition in Zachęta Fine Arts, the painter Eligiusz Niewiadomski shot Narutowicz. Formerly a member of the National League - but far from submitting to anyone's recommendations. He will testify soon in court, that he did not decide to kill Piłsudski, when the latter overthrew the parliamentary candidacy of Korfanty for prime minister; He could not forgive Narutowicz, that he accepted the choice also from enemies of the state. He himself demanded the death penalty for breaking the law. An execution took place at the end of January. The dignified attitude of the criminal won him the admiration of many warm hearts, though everyone recognized it, that he had badly harmed the nation, especially the national camp.

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