Without Ataturk

Without Ataturk

Cirrhosis of the liver caused by excessive consumption of coffee and alcohol has led to the 1938 r. until the death of Kemal Mustafa Ataturk. The mono-party system he created survived until 1945 r., but there were signs of liberalization before, although the word may not fit in with the relations in Turkey at the time. You have to realize, that this liberalism prevailed in Turkey, only slightly limited by Ataturk who wanted to Europeanize his country at all costs. Kemal's successor as president was his closest associate, the current prime minister of Ismet lnon. During World War II, Turkey, which navigated between Germany and the Allies, declared war early enough 111 The Reich. This allowed for participation in the founding conference of the United Nations. W 1945 r. Unexpectedly, the USSR put forward demands for Turkey to hand over its eastern districts (z Artvinem i Karsem) and making military bases on the Bosporus and Dardanelles available to the Soviet fleet. Being in a hopeless situation (military superiority of the USSR), Turkey sought support from Western countries, which resulted in the introduction of a multi-party system. The Turkish state was backed by the United States so effectively, that the Soviets had withdrawn their demands.

From 1950 r. through 10 the right-wing Democratic Party was in power for years, during whose rule the relations between the state and the Church improved, and statism was reduced. New President Celal Bayar in 2 years after taking power, it led to the inclusion of Turkey into NATO structures. The landlord Adnan Menderes became Prime Minister. The decade was characterized by corruption and demoralization, and a general economic crisis, which was finally cut short by a military group, who carried out the coup d'état. Menderes and two ministers paid for it with their lives (there was a trial), but the following years brought them posthumous rehabilitation. Patch 60. i 70. characterized by numerous turmoil on the political scene and street demonstrations of leftist academic youth, protesting during the Vietnam War against the stationing of American troops in Turkey. But this period also saw economic growth and the improvement of the living conditions of the hitherto forgotten village.

W 1974 r., for Prime Minister Ecevit, there was an landing on the island of Cyprus, whose territory has long been a fire in Turkish-Greek relations. The reason was that the Greek inhabitants of the island proclaimed it to join Greece. However, the conflict was not resolved in favor of Turkey or Greece, and Cyprus is still divided between these two countries to this day.

At the end of the years 70. the era of terror has come in Turkey, which was a response to the crazy exploits of left-wing and right-wing militias fighting each other in the streets of cities. In February 1979 r. the editor of one of the liberal Turkish dailies was killed at the hands of an assassin and perhaps there would be nothing interesting for us, if not to say, that he was the bomber Mehmet Ali Agca, would-be killer of John Paul II. Throughout the year 1979 more militant battles took place, strikes and terrorist attacks. Politicians began to die, and the total number of victims exceeded 5 thousand. The army put an end to anarchy again, what happened in September 1980 r. General Evren was elected president, the situation calmed down overnight. Two years after the coup d'état, a new constitution was adopted, accepted by society in a popular referendum.

True democracy only began to be successful in the middle of the years 80., when the military gave the civilians the helm of government, and Turkey began to move closer to Europe at a rapid pace. Economist and later prime minister and president (on behalf of the Fatherland Party he founded), prominent politician Turgut Ozal, developed a reform package, thus initiating the "economic miracle", which led the state to the right path. Anyway, the reforms were carried out back in the times of military rule. From mid-years 80. Turkey began to experience a tourism boom, as a result, the difference between the tourist regions of the country and the poor central and eastern Anatolia deepened. Towards the end of this decade, the population began to complain about the ruling Fatherland Party, but still Ozal stayed in 1989 r. president of the republic. However, he did not live to see the end of his seven-year term, because v 1993 r. In February 1991 r. American troops entered Iraq, which was a response to the entry of the Iraqi army into Kuwait. Turkey initially took the side of the conflict, and social democratic leaders even traveled to Baghdad to cheer up the Iraqi dictator. But President Ozal chose to work with the Americans, by providing them with an airport near Adana and by concentrating part of the Turkish army on the border with Iraq. As a result, Turkey was able to oppose the creation of a Kurdish state in northern Iraq.

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