The end of the occupation

The end of the occupation

From the end of July, Marshal Foch was hitting the solidified lines of the German front with a battering ram; 14 September [1918 r.] Austria offered the Allies a separate room; 26 [that month] the Bulgarians asked for peace, at the end of October, the Austrian front collapsed in Italy on the Piava river, from 5 On October, two emperors and a sultan negotiated surrender, and on the basis of 14 Wilson points. How the occupiers reacted to these news, and like their subjugated victims? In Hungary, the legionnaires' trial in Marmaros-Sziget was just coming to an end. Criminal proceedings discontinued due to merit, which the Polish nation laid for the state in this war. In Berlin, the new chancellor Maksymilian, the Duke of Baden, announced 5 October, establishment of national representations in Poland and the Baltic States, which, however, did not mean that the extermination policy in the former partition was abandoned, nor about giving up the pressure to the east. The tighter and hotter it was in Champagne and Belgium, this is what Ludendorff stubbornly insisted on expanding over the Baltic Sea and on plans to "improve" the border with Congress Poland. Within 1918 r. the Germans established themselves on both banks […] Gulf of Finland, supposedly protecting independent Finland from the Bolshevik flood.

Beseler saw the impracticability of these plans, but he was not very eager to transfer other areas of administration to Poles. Also the Regency Council, having on his conscience the January visit and the June declaration as well as the disastrous results of the work in Russia, she was doing what she could, to prevent these from being in power, who will give her a bill for errors. Having read the news about Prince Max's peace initiative and about his parliamentary announcement, she announced suddenly 7 October message to the Polish nation, that it is the highest authority in the Polish state, which will be independent, united, with access to the Baltic Sea. Hardly anyone acknowledged this strange grievance of the German appointees, so far, they have been separating themselves from the aspirations of the broadest sections of the nation.

The same month of October showed the world how automatic it looks, without alien invasion, the crumbling of a great power. Anticipating the Emperor's Manifesto transforming Austria into a federation (16 X), the parties in Cieszyn Silesia declared themselves citizens of free Poland, 27 a Liquidation Commission was created in Kraków from the peasant party, national and Polish democrats, and socialists, 31 this month Skarbek, Stanisław Rymar and Brigadier Roja with the help of legionnaires liquidated the Austrian government there. Within a few days, the Imperial-Royal collapsed. authorities in Galicia and in the occupied Congress Poland, and with them ended the political role of Krakow conservatives. Activists both in Warsaw, as in Krakow they apparently considered, that they must play their roles to the end. The first listened respectfully to German temptations about Vilnius (which the local "Taryba" eagerly denied), others tried to undermine the newly formed Liquidation Commission to the very end, as if Vienna was waiting for this Polish revolt, to hand over Eastern Galicia – Rusinom.

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