Political calendars

Political calendars

Starting of 1737 r. Political calendars began to appear in Poland, and then - political-historical and civic, ambitiously conceived, with care for the high level and reliability of information, for knowledge and education, science and culture, often expressing progressive ideas, shaping modern attitudes. Their pattern has been issued since 1679 r. in Paris "Almanac Royal". These calendars were issued mainly by Jesuits and Piarists who were involved in progressive changes in Poland. Vilnius Jesuits published "Political Calendar", and then the "Political and Historical Calendar", Piarists - "A Warsaw Carol". Other provinces and other orders soon joined them: from Poznan, Lublin, Lviv, Krakow, and even Berdichev. Finally - private publishers and printers. Two of them made a particularly great contribution here, namely - Michał Gróll and Piotr Zawadzki. The Nadworna Królewska Grólla bookshop published, among others,. "Political calendar for the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania" and "Political and historical calendar". Piotr Zawadzki, on the other hand, became famous by publishing, among others,. in. 3-volume "National and foreign calendar" and "Domestic and foreign calendar". Of course, others also appeared. For example. in Warsaw - "Sejm Europe", "Political Calendar" by Franciszek Paprocki, "Civic Calendar" by Ignacy Krasicki and "The American Calendar by Benjamin Franklin", in Grodno - "Grodno Calendar", in Vilnius - "Vilnius political calendar", etc..

Calendars political issues placed great emphasis on political and social matters, informed about the country and abroad, acquainted with the achievements of science, they taught national and universal history, they developed a passion for literature and art, suppressed superstitions, above all, however, they taught love for the homeland, engaging compatriots to fight for progressive changes. But there were also some interesting facts. And so e.g.. from the "Warsaw Calendar", issued in 1772 r., you could learn about "major inventions in Europe made", and among them - and about this, that… “The first silk stockings in France were worn by Henry II. 1547, and in England, Queen Elizabeth r. 1561”, “Playing cards were invented in France four or five years before Charles V's death, deceased. 1380”, while the spread of tobacco smoking was caused by "a certain Englishman, named Refeling ", who "first learned to smoke in Virginia.", he taught other young people in England ". But what would calendars mean without such curiosities??

In the 17th century, they appeared humorous, and even frivolous, mischief calendars. The title page of the Calendar for Eternal Time, with diligence in writing, in the tenement house, where you have no roof or wall ".

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