Marian Józef Dydziul

Marian Józef Dydziul

(05.03.1904 – 26.06.1942)
(RAF P- 0190)

At the presbytery in Filipów in the book of baptisms from 1904 year, in an act written in Cyrillic (no. 50) we can read, that Józef Dydziul – The teacher of the Filipino school and his wife brought their son to the church, who were baptized with names: Marjan Józef.
Józef Dydziul (ur. 1872 ) he was a nobleman, married Marianna (Mary, original spelling) from Sokołowscy he had children: Marianne, ur. w 1897 year; Janina Kazimiera, ur. w 1899 year; Józefa, ur. w 1900 year, Marjana Józefa b. 1904 year, Weronika Zofia born in 1906. He worked as a teacher in Sobolewo (1896), in Przerosl (1896-1900), in Filipów (1901-1903). In her notes, Teodozja Jagłowska wrote “Dyndziul taught in Filipów in the years 1897-1905”. Probably in later years he moved with his family to one of the larger urban centers.

The fate of Marian Józef Dydziul as a soldier is related to aviation. In August 1925 He is admitted to training at the Officer Aviation School in Grudziądz. He was nominated for the rank of cadet during the first promotion in Dęblin. In the promoted list of 1927 of the year he received the sixth place and specialty – observer.
He was assigned an assignment to 1 Aviation Regiment in Warsaw. There in 13 In the Line Squadron, he received the skills of a second lieutenant. A few months later, in January 1929 he was delegated to the 2nd Aerofoto Course (aerial photography), which took place at the Lviv Polytechnic. After its completion in July, he returned to the squadron. W 1931 He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant and ran the regimental school of photographers. This year too, during a training flight in a platoon crew. pil. Romualdem Podwysockim, an adventure happened to them (“marched away” airplane wings, which they flew). Everything ended happily for the crew, and because whole “share” happened in the area of ​​the main railway station at an altitude of approx 800 meters, they had many “viewers”. The crew saved themselves using parachutes (jump from a very low height). For. obs. Marian Dydziul landed on the roof of a house at Radomska Street (broken leg and light bruises), pleased. pil. Romuald Podwysocki landed on the roof of the building in the area of ​​the filter station on Koszykowa Street (slightly injured). Both airmen were taken to the hospital, where they underwent treatment.
In June 1931 years transferred to the newly established 213 Night Destroyer Squadron. He served there until April 1933 year, when he was transferred to the Aviation Cadet School in Dęblin. He performed the duties of a lecturer in it – probably aerial photography (Aerial photo).

Let us return for a moment to the parish baptism book. There is a note on the right-hand side of the act “Marjan Józef Dydzul on the second of April one thousand nine hundred and thirty-two in the church of the parish of Saint Mary Magdalene in Lviv, he married Maria Helena Link”. The entry was made by the organist Antoni Jagłowski, the signature was made by Fr.. Stanisław Dąbrowski.
Here's a note, Marian Józef Dydziul is haunted by some chancellery fate. Already in the baptism certificate, Fr.. Akulewicz entered his father's name in the Polish translation “Dyizul”, Teodozja Jagłowska writes in the school chronicle “Dyndziul”, in the wedding annotation from 1932, probably written from some document – “Dydzul”. Military personnel documents corrected the date and added a middle name. “Based on the attached documents, metryk etc. correcting the name and date of birth from “Dydziul Marjan ur. 15.02.1904” on “Dydziul Marjan Józef, ur. 05.03.1904″ (Announcement in the Personal Journal of MSWoj no 6/32 of 23.03.1932 year). In officer promotions of 17 brand 1937 is still listed as Dydzul. but he signed them with the name Dydziul. The spelling of the name Marjan and the modernized Marian should also be mentioned.
In the RAF documents from 300 Dydziul Marian Squadron is listed with the number P-091, this is also the number in doc. 304 Squadron. However, the literature also provides No.P-0190.

W 1937 years re-transferred to 1 Warsaw Aviation Regiment, this time he takes on the duties of the deputy commander 215 Bomb Squadron. In the same year he is promoted to the rank of captain.

During the September campaign 1939 Dydziul served in the rank of captain as a tactical officer in the 10th Bomb Squadron. The squadron was equipped with PZL P-37, Łoś”. “Moose” it was a modern plane – a two-engine medium bomber with a full metal structure and a crew of four. The plane belonged to avant-garde designs at that time and was among the world's best in its class.
Squadron from 3-5 On September, he operated from the Kuciny field airfield – Dzierżanów attacking the 16th German Panzer Corps from the air in the area of ​​Radomsko – Kamieńsk. Part of the brigade's forces were used in the direction of Wieluń. During the fighting, the squadron lost eight PZL P-37B aircraft ,,Moose”, died 12 aviators. Kpt M. Dydziul did 2 combat flights.

The image of the fights of the 10th Bomber Squadron is intertwined with the September tragedy. The heroism of aviators is intertwined with decision chaos. A field airfield not adapted to bomber take-off, no hunting protection, no air defense, bombing and fires, night shelling of the airfield and pilots' quarters by the German V column. Probably the drama of defeat weighed down on the further ranks of the already young officer.

After the Polish air force was crushed 17.09.1939 year evacuates to Romania. From there he gets to France. In France, he was assigned to the commanding position for an internship at GR 1/52. Here is another misfortune of disaster and an escape to England.
Upon his arrival in Great Britain, he joined the RAF, has undergone navigational training since December 1940 until January 1941 r. Next 22 February 1941 he went to 300 Squadron and was assigned to the Squadron “A”.

During his service in the squadron, he did 3 combat flights to bombing:
– Cologne – 26/27.02.1941, Wellington Ic, R1184, BH-B,
– Brest – 06/07.04.1941, Wellington Ic, L7873, BH-R,
– Kiel – 08/09.04.1941. Wellington Ic, L7873, BH-R.

Wellington (DV441)

In April 1942 of the year he is assigned to the Squadron 304 “Silesian Land”. On the night of 25 on 26 June 1942 during the raid 1000 bombers on Bremen his Wellington plane (DV441) while returning, he was shot down into the sea by a night fighter. The entire crew is killed: Capt. navigate. Marian Józef Dydziul, second-lieutenant. pil. Jan Kramin, kpr. pil. Henryk Kuć, Sgt. r / op. rifleman. Tadeusz Kamyszek, pleased. rifleman. Jan Wojtaś, kpr. rifleman. Nikita Mikołaj Tałach.

Polish War Memorial /Londyn/

Compiled: Tadeusz Sobuniewski

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