Germany had to respond to the Lausanne-Paris act with at least a counter-demonstration. 12 September [1917 r.] two emperors created the Regency Council with 3 members: they became them on an equal footing: Archbishop of Warsaw Aleksander Kakowski, Zdzisław Lubomirski, the recently popular mayor of Warsaw and landowner Józef Ostrowski, realistic. Their main advisor, Fr.. Zygmunt Chełmicki; referendary with the perspective of a legislative initiative – historian Józef Siemieński. The regents undoubtedly considered their task to save the Polish cause in the event of a German victory, there could be no question of winning over the latter without endangering the inter-party circles. Regents took power [27 October 1917 r.] and appointed prime minister – after Adam Tarnowski's candidacy was rejected by Berlin, as too Austrophilic – Jan Kucharzewski. Range [competence] of the Polish government was to expand with success. As for the terrain, it was already certain, that the Kingdom of Poland will not extend to Lithuania, and the inclusion of the Lublin region into Galicia was possible. To prevent this, Kucharzewski leaned towards the Austrian concept, but in this modest approach, to proclaim Emperor Charles the king of Congress Poland.
In the eyes of the emperors and the German monarchists, the regency was based on assumption, that there is a monarchy. People, for which the nation was the reality and foundation of the system, they took into account, above all, the opinion of the general public. Well, the whole of Poland, from national democrats to socialists, reacted negatively to the Regency Council. When later regents established the Council of State, as a kind of postulate parliament with Marshal Franciszek Pułaski – almost all the elections of regional councils and cities (55) they turned out to be "passivists" and had to be appointed to compensate for them (next to 12 whirlers) 43 activists, to write not so much law in such a group, what a different gravamina against Germany. Outside, Abroad, the Regency Council had its influence – inhibiting the creation of the Polish army in Russia and discrediting Dmowski's work as much as possible.