Category Archives: Turkey

Betrayed Alketas

Betrayed Alketas

Alketas was one of the chiefs of Alexander the Great, who hid in Termessos from Alexander's successor, One-Eye Antigone. We do not know, on what background the conflict between the two generals broke out, ale prawdopodobnie chodziło o podział imperium po

Contemporary Turkey

Contemporary Turkey

Ozal was succeeded by the outgoing Prime Minister, Suleyman Demirel, whose governments could be described as asexual – Demirel's character influenced the style of governance, which in this respect differed greatly from his charismatic predecessor. W 2000 r. prezydenturę objął

Without Ataturk

Without Ataturk

Cirrhosis of the liver caused by excessive consumption of coffee and alcohol has led to the 1938 r. until the death of Kemal Mustafa Ataturk. The mono-party system he created survived until 1945 r., but there were signs of liberalization before, chociaż słowo to być może nie

Republic of Turkey

Republic of Turkey

After the sultanate was abolished, Mehmed VI emigrated to Malta, but the caliphate was not abolished, therefore his formal successor, however, exercising only religious functions, became Abdulmecid, cousin Mehmed. Sprawa ta nie była na rękę Ataturkowi chcącemu jak najszybciej doprowadzić do powstania

The road to independence

The road to independence

Turkey's disastrous situation spurred patriots to act. In May 1919 r. The Greeks landed near Izmir with the intention of seizing the lands assigned to them. This was accompanied by bloody pogroms against the Muslim population. In the occupied territories, partisans subordinated to the so-called. …

Fall

Fall

Turkish-Russian war of the years 1877 – 78 it deepened the financial problems anyway, that in 1881 r. the government declared insolvency. At that time, the Public Debt Authority was established, who more or less successfully tried to save the deplorable state of the state. Na domiar złego Abdulhamid II wprowadził

External signs of crisis

External signs of crisis

Reforms in Turkey have not been carried out without external obstacles. First, war broke out with Russia and Austria, mentioned above. Admittedly, the Ottomans did not suffer losses, but the warfare and related expenses have greatly weakened the structures of the state. Z kolei

Age of reforms

Age of reforms

Radical reforms to get the state out of a desperate internal situation, which had its resonance in international relations, Sultan Abdulhamid I began (1774 – 89). He reorganized the army, whose structures and equipment were recognized, quite rightly so, too outdated. Zaczął

The sick man of Europe

The sick man of Europe

The turning point in the history of Turkey came with the peace treaty in Karłowice in 1699 r. The then reigning Sultan Mustafa II made an expedition to the northern and western fringes of the empire in order to repel Russia, Wenecji i innych państw nacierających na